Photography requires a few skills to make your prints look professional. One part of making a print professional is lighting. Lighting in photography takes a little planning and understanding of a few techniques. You best subject or object might not turn out that way if the proper light does not help to laminate the area.
Below are a few tips on using light for photography. Indoor lighting is often fluorescent and tungsten bulbs. Tungsten bulbs are used by professional photographers, as "hot lights" because of the high temperature they produce. In photography it is important to understand the temperature scale in relation to the colors they will produce. A hot light will produce more red and reduce the blue.
Firelight and candle light though not artificial can be used in doors to create shadows and depth. Next a photographer needs to understand the sun's color scale. Pictures tend to lead the viewer towards certain feelings; often softer colors evoke more emotion.
So understanding the suns impact on the colors will help you find the correct time of day. The sun evokes blue hues in the morning hours, while closer to noon you will find more neutral colors. The neutral colors can take away some of the definition you want in your print.
Knowing how you want to shot the picture will also help you determine when you wish to take the shot. But just wanting something to be art doesn't make it art does it? As a layman in the art world, I sometimes go with the "I don't know art but I know what I like" system of evaluating pieces I see. Art, after all, has a tendency to touch us in another place that is above and beyond the image. It is an emotional place, a place of reflection and understanding. Maybe we would say it touches our "soul". When shooting faces or other objects you usually want a three dimensional contrast.
You will need to search for the planes and contours of the subject, especially in portrait photography. The planes and contours will help you determine the angle you will shoot the subject from. The shadows will often provide the three dimensional contrast if you find the correct planes and angle to shoot from. This helps with pictures that you want to stand-alone.
Landscape photography uses nature to provide the light and shadows. This is why you need to understand the light scale and temperature. Time is the most important aspect of using sunlight. To understand natural lighting you need to understand the affects the sun will have at certain times of the day.
For instance if you are in a thickly vegetative forest the sunlight will have difficulty streaming in unless it is over head. You will have natural shadows in the forest and remember you can move around your subject to find the best angle with the sun. It's true that the mechanical skill that the guy at Wal-Mart might need to take baby pictures may be the same as a great photographic artist might need. But the objection doesn't hold up because the same human language is used to create great poetry as it takes yell out obscenities at a baseball game. So it isn't the skill that makes it art. Artificial lighting has advantages over outdoor or natural lighting, but sometimes the picture turns out better with natural light.
It might be a matter of preference or the desire of a client or subject for that matter. You never have artificial lighting outside for the most part; you usually rely on your camera flash to help with the picture quality. When you choose your lighting, look for the best lighting situation to enhance your subject and make your picture as natural as possible.
Starting to know Digital Photography is better in many ways. Classes have begun and new ways have risen. Right now you can read all about tips on lighting